IPF is a platform that may allow members, subscribers, etc., to post text, photos, videos from their various types of computers, personal digital assistant, electronic devices such cell phone, tablets, websites, etc.

IPF says you retain “retain all rights in, and are solely responsible for” the content you post. But, by signing up, accepting add into, staying on the IPF platform, it means you are agreeing to IPF Terms of Service, you have agreed to give IPF “a non-exclusive, royalty-free, transferable, sub-licensable, worldwide license” to use your content. IPF also reserve the right to “remove or modify” your content or “change the way it’s used in IPF platforms, for any reason or purpose such as including, but not limited to, advertising and promotional purposes.

In other words, IPF can use your content on its site(s) because you have agreed to give them a license to use it as described in this agreement, without payment.

What is a Copyright?

A copyright protects the owner of one kind of intellectual property (creations of the mind). Copyrights protect “original works of authorship.” Only certain kinds of works that fall within the requirements of copyright law can be copyrighted.

Types of digital content that can be copyrighted are blogs, screen displays, social media posts, short online articles, apps, photos, and website content.

One vast area of copyright protection is digital transmission, including website content. You can’t register a website itself, but you can register individual work on a website, including blog posts, musical or photographic work. You’ll need a separate application for each component.

You don’t have to register your copyrights to protect them, but you must register your copyright if you want to take a copyright violation lawsuit to court. Registering a copyright shows the court that you are serious about protecting your digital content.

Protecting Your Own Content on Social Media

The best way to protect your intellectual property from being appropriated on social media is to not put it up there in the first place. Although you own the content you place on one of these social media sites, you have granted a license to the media site to use the content and for others to view it.

To protect content, include a copyright statement on the file for photos. And be aware that your property might get appropriated by someone (not associated with the social media site). You must be vigilant to keep track of possible violations and be quick to file complaints. If you are not vigilant, you may not be able to support your claims in a lawsuit.

The best way to file a complaint is to use a process called a DMCA takedown notice. This process allows you to send the notice, in a specific format, to the ISP (web host) of the website that you think is violating your copyright. The ISP removes the offending copy and notifies the website owner. The owner can send a counter-notice, and you can decide what to do from there. Get an attorney to help you through this process to make sure you are doing everything correctly.

Social Media Sites and Copyright

Social media, like Facebook, Whatsapp, Twitter, Instagram, Igbere People Forum platforms (including website – igberepost.net), allow online posting of material that may be copyrighted. The social media site does not own the work that has been posted on their site; the copyright is still kept by the owner. But by agreeing to post works on the site, you sign an agreement that gives the site a license to use the work for a variety of purposes, like displaying it, adapting it, or copying it. In these cases, the license is given without payment.

Twitter and Copyright

The Twitter Terms of Service (as of July 8, 2020) state, “Content is the sole responsibility of the person who originated the Content,” but they reserve the right to remove Content that violates the User Agreement. Twitter says that if you believe your Content has been copied in a way that “constitutes copyright infringement” you can file a report at https://help.twitter.com/forms/dmca.

Facebook and Copyright

The Facebook Terms of Service states that you (the Facebook user) own the intellectual property rights (including copyright or trademark) to content you create and share on Facebook and other Facebook products. You can share your content with anyone else, any time you want. In return, Facebook says, you must agree to give them a license to use the content. Specifically,

…you grant us a non-exclusive, transferable, sub-licensable, royalty-free, worldwide license to host, use, distribute, modify, run, copy, publicly perform or display, translate, and create deriviate works of your content.

When you leave Facebook, all content is deleted (they use the analogy of a recycle bin).

Instagram and Copyright.

When users upload an image to Instagram, they do not forfeit their copyright. Instead, Instagram’s Terms of Use operate so as to give the social media platform a non-exclusive, fully paid and royalty-free transferable, sub-licence to use the content.